The Formation of In-Group Favoritism and Out-Group Prejudice in Young Children

Author(s): Aboud, Frances E

About this Entry
Abstract \xa0 Although standardized measures of prejudice reveal high levels of ethnocentric bias in the preschool years, it may reflect in-group favoritism or out-group prejudice. A measure that partially decouples the two attitudes was given to White children between 4 and 7 years of age to examine the reciprocal relation between and the acquisition and correlates of in-group and out-group attitudes. The two attitudes were reciprocally correlated in 1 sample from a racially homogeneous school but not in a 2nd sample from a mixed-race school. In-group favoritism did not appear until 5 years of age but then reached significant levels; it was strongly related to developing social cognitions. Out-group prejudice was weaker, but its targets suffer from comparison with the high favoritism accorded in-group members.
Publication Title Developmental Psychology
Publisher American Psychological Association
Publication Date 01/2003
URIs http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=SerialsSolutions&SrcApp=Summon&KeyUT=000180168000004&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS
http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/detail?accno=EJ665081
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12518808
http://search.proquest.com/docview/224542150
Keywords Attitudes
Bias
COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT
Child Behavior - psychology
Child development
Child psychology
Childhood Attitudes
Children & youth
Developmental psychology
Ethnic groups
Ethnocentrism
Favouritism
GROUP BIAS
IDENTIFICATION
IDENTITY
INTERGROUP ATTITUDES
In-group
Ingroup-Outgroup differentiation
Out-groups
PREFERENCES
PSYCHOLOGY, DEVELOPMENTAL
Prejudice
Preschool children
Psychological aspects
Psychology
RACE
Research
STEREOTYPES
Social Attitudes
Social Cognition
Social cognition
Social development
Social groups
Social perception in children
Sociology
TASKS
USA
Young Children
Young children
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