Urban Water Management in Developing Arid Countries

Author(s): Abderrahman, Walid

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Abstract Urbanization, industrialization and rapid population growth in developing countries of the Arabian Peninsula are putting increasing pressure on local water authorities and water planners to satisfy the growing urban water and sanitation demands. In the Arabian Peninsula, water resources are limited, average rainfall is low and the seawater and brackish water desalination in addition to limited groundwater resources are the major water supply sources. The population increased from about 17.688 million in 1970 to 38.52 million in 1995 and is expected to reach 81.25 million in 2025. The urban population is expected to rise from 60% in 1995 to more than 80% in 2025. The domestic water demand is expected to rise from 2863 million cubic metres (MCM) in 1990 to about 4264 MCM in 2000 and 10580 MCM in 2025. In Saudi Arabia, the population increased by 143.6% between 1970 and 1995; and it is expected to reach about 40.426 million in 2025, with about 80% urban population. The domestic water demand in the Kingdom is expected to be about 2350 MCM in 2000 and 6450 MCM in 2025. Specialized agencies have been established for water production and distribution, and for wastewater collection, treatment and reuse. Special legislation has been introduced to manage water demands and to protect the interests of the community and its natural resources. Fifty-seven costly desalination plants have been constructed in the Peninsula on the Gulf and Red Sea coasts, as well as water transmission lines to transport the desalinated water to coastal and inland major cities.
Publication Title International Journal of Water Resources Development
Publisher Taylor & Francis Group
Publication Date 03/2000
URIs http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07900620048536
http://search.proquest.com/docview/236985097
Keywords Arid Lands
Arid environments
Arid regions
Article
Brackish water
Brackish water desalination
Coastal environments
Construction
Construction costs
Demand
Demineralization
Desalination
Desalination Plants
Developing countries
ECONOMICS, WATER
Ground water
Groundwater
Groundwater (see also Aquifers)
Gulfs
Legislation
MIDDLE EAST
Marketing
Natural resources
Population dynamics
Population growth
Rainfall
Resources
Sanitation
Saudi Arabia
Sea water
Transmission lines
Urban areas
Urbanization
WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
WATER RESOURCES PLANNING
Waste water
Wastewater
Water Demand
Water management
Water resources
Water supplies
Water supply
Water treatment
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