The colonial origins of comparative development

Author(s): Acemoglu, Daron; Johnson, Simon; Robinson, James A

About this Entry
Abstract Differences in European mortality rates are exploited to estimate the effect of institutions on economic performance. Europeans adopted very different colonization policies in different colonies, with different associated institutions. In places where Europeans faced high mortality rates, they could not settle and were more likely to set up extractive institutions. These institutions persisted to the present. Exploiting differences in European mortality rates as an instrument for current institutions, we estimate large effects of institutions on income per capita. Once the effect of institutions is controlled for, countries in Africa or those closer to the equator do not have lower incomes.
Publication Title The American economic review
Publisher American Economic Assoc
Publication Date 2001
URIs http://www.econis.eu/PPNSET?PPN=339955511
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2677930
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=SerialsSolutions&SrcApp=Summon&KeyUT=000172772800010&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS
http://search.proquest.com/docview/233039300
Keywords ALLOCATION
Analysis
CORRUPTION
Colonial history
Colonies
Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems (P51)
Comparative Studies of Countries (O57)
Comparative analysis
Comparative economics
Development
Development models
ECONOMIC-GROWTH
ECONOMICS
Economic History: Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics, Industrial Structure, Growth, Fluctuations: General, International, or Comparative (N10)
Economic development
Economic growth
Economic performance
Economics
Entwicklung
Europe
Health Production (I12)
Imperialism
Influence
Institutionelle Infrastruktur
Institutions
Kolonialismus
Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development (O11)
Mortality
Mortality Rates
PROPERTY-RIGHTS
Per capita
Selected Countries
Siedlung
Statistical analysis
Statistics
Sterblichkeit
Studies
TALENT
Welt
Wirtschaftswachstum
View Raw JSON