A Political Sociology of Education and Development in Latin America

Author(s): Arnove, Robert F; Torres, Alberto; Franz, Stephen; Morse, Kimberly

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Abstract This article argues that a political sociological perspective facilitates analysis of the potential and limitations of education to contribute to national development in Latin America. Such a perspective enables policy makers, practitioners, and researchers to take into account historical forces, institutional contradictions, and contextual factors, both national and international, that shape me possibilities of educational and social change occurring-and whether such change benefits the least privileged members of a society. A political sociology perspective necessarily involves an analysis of the role of the state and how conditioned capitalist development shapes education policy in die region. In particular, the authors examine how the structural adjustment policies recommend by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and national technical assistance agencies like the USAID have affected the governance, financing, and provision of education to various populations. Case studies of Nicaragua, Chile: Argentina, and Brazil illustrate how these policies have affected equality of educational opportunity and outcomes.
Publication Title International Journal of Comparative Sociology
Publisher Sage Publications
Publication Date 1996
URIs http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=SerialsSolutions&SrcApp=Summon&KeyUT=A1996UW88400008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS
Keywords Analysis
Economic Development
Economic Policy
Economic aspects
Economic development
Economic development/Social aspects
Education/Latin America
Educational Inequality
Educational Policy
Educational policy/Latin America
Foreign Aid
International Economic Organizations
Latin America
Political Sociology
Political sociology
Public Policy
Social aspects
State Role
case studies
national development, education's contribution, Latin America, political sociology perspective
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