A Nation in Pain: Why the Hiv/Aids Epidemic is Out of Control in Zimbabwe

Author(s): Sibanda, Amson

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Abstract There has been a dramatic increase in the number of people living with HIV and the number who have died of AIDS-related diseases in Zimbabwe since the early 1990s. This increase has caused shock waves and panic in Zimbabwe and in the entire southern African region. Understanding the factors that have given rise to and sustained patterns of sexual behavior that allow HIV to be transmitted easily and quickly among the general populace is of paramount importance if HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns are to be better formulated and to be effective in this part of sub-Saharan Africa. This article makes a contribution to those studies that seek to examine socioeconomic, cultural, political, and psychological factors determining high-risk sexual behaviors leading to heterosexual HIV infection in the African context. The author contends that the focus of HIV/AIDS prevention programs should be on a myriad of socioeconomic, cultural, political, and behavioral factors instead of just on women and prostitutes-groups that have the least negotiating power within the context of sex and reproduction in a patriarchal society such as Zimbabwe. The author also points out many important areas that have been omitted in the study of HIV transmission and AIDS in Africa.
Publication Title International Journal of Health Services
Publisher SAGE Publications
Publication Date 10/2000
URIs http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=SerialsSolutions&SrcApp=Summon&KeyUT=000165445400005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11127020
Keywords AFRICA
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome -- Zimbabwe
Africa
Communicable Disease Control - organization & administration
Condoms - utilization
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control
Education
Educational Programs
Epidemics
HEALTH CARE SCIENCES & SERVICES
HEALTH POLICY & SERVICES
HIV
HIV Infections - epidemiology
HIV Infections - prevention & control
HIV Infections - transmission
Health Education
Health policy
Health services
Human immunodeficiency virus
Human immunodeficiency virus -- Prevention
Life Expectancy - trends
Politics
Prevention
Psychology
Public Health
Public health
Risks
SOCIAL-CONTEXT
Sexual Behavior - statistics & numerical data
Sexual behavior -- Zimbabwe
Sexual behaviour
Socioeconomics
Sociology
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe -- Health policy
Zimbabwe -- Social conditions
article
culture
disease transmission
sexual behavior
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