The Costs of Missing the Millennium Development Goal on Gender Equity

Author(s): Abu-Ghaida, Dina; Klasen, Stephan

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Abstract At the Millennium Summit, the world community pledged to promote gender equality and chose as a specific target the achievement of gender equity in primary and secondary education by the year 2005 in every country of the world. Based on the findings from a growing empirical literature that suggests that gender equity in education promotes economic growth, reduced fertility, child mortality, and ndernutrition, we estimate what the costs in terms of growth, and forgone fertility, mortality and ndernutrition reduction, will be for the 45 countries that are, on current projections, nlikely to meet the target. Our estimates suggest that, by 2005, the countries that are off track are likely to suffer 0.1-0.3 percentage points lower per capita growth rates as a result, will have 0.1-0.4 more children per woman, and, by 2015, an average of 15 per 1,000 higher rates of nder five mortality, and 2.5 percentage points higher prevalence of nderweight children nder five. Sensitivity analyses suggest that the results are quite robust to sing different specifications and approaches to estimating these losses.
Publication Title World Development
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Publication Date 2004
URIs http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X04000622
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=SerialsSolutions&SrcApp=Summon&KeyUT=000222701400001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS
http://econpapers.repec.org/article/eeewdevel/v_3a32_3ay_3a2004_3ai_3a7_3ap_3a1075-1107.htm
http://search.proquest.com/docview/217254755
Keywords AFRICA
Analysis of Education (I21)
Anthropology
Child
Child Mortality
Child mortality
Children
Demographic aspects
Developing Countries
Development
Development studies
Discrimination
ECONOMIC-DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMICS
Economic Development
Economic Development: Human Resources, Human Development, Income Distribution, Migration (O15)
Economic Growth
Economic aspects
Economic development/Social aspects
Economic growth
Economics
Economics of Gender, Non-labor Discrimination (J16)
Economics of gender
Education
Elementary schools
Equality
Fertility
Fertility, Family Planning, Child Care, Children, Youth (J13)
GIRLS
GROWTH
Gender
Gender equality
Girls
Global economy
Growth
Health Production (I12)
INEQUALITY
Influence
LDCs
MORTALITY
Malnutrition
Management
Measurement of Economic Growth, Aggregate Productivity, Cross-Country Output Convergence (O47)
Mortality
PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
POLICY
Relationship
Sex discrimination
Sexual Inequality
Social Policy
Underdeveloped countries
WOMEN
Women in development
Women/Developing countries/Education
Womens Education
article
children
discrimination
economics of gender
education
education, discrimination, fertility, children, economics of gender
fertility
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