GENDER RELATIONS IN IBIBIO TRADITIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Author(s): Abaraonye, Felicia Ihuoma

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Abstract Investigates how Ibibio women of Nigeria acquired political & ritual authority as a result of their participation in gendered social organizations. An overview of gender relations among the Ibibio people indicates extensive flexibility within the gender classification system. The activities & requirements for participation within various social organizations, including the clandestine Ekpo group, the Ekong warrior society, & the female government Iban Isong group, are discussed. An Iban Isong ritual that anathematizes male Ibibios who have denigrated the reproductive organs of Ibibio women is described. An analysis of Ibibio ceremonies & folk literature reveals that women have established themselves as heads of Ibibio communities & possess shaman-like powers; moreover, the Ibibio creation story substantiates the fundamental prevalence of feminism in Ibibio society. The transformation of postmenopausal women into men represents the mutability of the Ibibio gender classification system. J. W. Parker
Publication Title Dialectical Anthropology
Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers
Publication Date 06/1997
URIs http://www.jstor.org/stable/29790454
Keywords Anthropology
Anthropology/Archaeometry
Cults
Dialectics
Gender relations
Ibibio
Nigeria
Opposite Sex Relations
Organizations
Organizations (Social)
Sex Roles
Social Power
Social Sciences, general
Social Structure
Spirits
Traditional Societies
Womens Roles
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